LLTVG:Assumed knowledge of Japanese

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As of this time, these are only rough guidelines. This stuff is subject to change!

All games assume a knowledge of hiragana and katakana. Very short games might assume no knowledge of Japanese beyond this.

Upper beginner to intermediate

Most games with more than a tiny amount of text will assume you have reached at least the upper beginner stage. The following will usually not be annotated:

  • Basic particles such as は, が, を, に, へ, の
  • だ/です, ある, いる
  • はい and いいえ
  • Basic sentence-enders such as よ and か
  • The pronouns わたし and あなた
  • The demonstratives これ, それ, あれ, その, この, あの
  • Basic interrogatives such as 何, だれ, どこ
  • Past tense conjugation
  • Negative conjugation
  • Plain vs. polite speech (honorifics and humble forms should still be annotated)
  • Conditional forms (食べれば, 食べたら)
  • ~さん, ~さま, ~くん, ~ちゃん — except when the usage is unusual
  • Plurals formed using ~たち

Note that annotations might still be provided when the word is in kanji rather than kana.


Games with large amounts of text such as most RPGs are considered "advanced". The following will usually not be annotated:

  • [verb]こと and [verb]の
  • Desiderative form (食べたい, 食べたがる)
  • Causative form (食べさせる)
  • Passive form (読まれる)
  • Potential form (話せる)
  • Volitional form (食べよう)
  • ~てあげる, ~てくれる, and ~てもらう
  • The contraction ~てる from ~ている (for really advanced texts, contractions like 分かんない and 任せとけ might go unannotated as well, but when in doubt, add the annotation)
  • The contraction んだ / んです as well as basic usage of "explanatory の" itself.

In addition, readings will not be provided for extremely common kanji such as 見る, 聞く, etc.

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