Baseball in Japan

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Baseball, or 野球 as they call it, is a recurring subject in video games in Japan just as it is in the United States. Some basic terminology might help you play these games or talk about them with others. The Japanese Wikipedia's pages on baseball and baseball statistics have more information (in Japanese, of course).

Contents

[edit] Basic terminology

  • 試合 — game; match
  • — base
  • 投手 — pitcher
  • 打撃 — batting
  • 走塁 — baserunning
  • イニング — inning
  • 1回表 — top of the first inning
  • 1回裏 — bottom of the first inning
  • 記録 — statistics; record (世界記録 = world record)

[edit] Statistics

Many of these terms can be used outside of the context of statistics as well.

[edit] Batting

  • 打席 — plate appearances
  • 打数 — at-bats
  • 安打 — safe hits ("singles")
  • 二塁打 — doubles
  • 三塁打 — triples
  • 本塁打 — home runs
  • 塁打 — total bases
  • 得点 — runs
  • 得点打 (also 打点) — runs batted in
  • 出塁 — times on base
  • 犠打 — sacrifice bunts
  • 犠飛 — sacrifice flies
  • 四球 — bases on balls (four balls)
  • 故意四球 — intentional walks
  • 死球 — hit by pitch
  • 三振 — strikeouts
  • 併殺打 — double play hits
  • 打率 — batting average
  • 長打率 — slugging percentage
  • 出塁率 — on-base percentage

[edit] Baserunning

  • 盗塁 — bases stolen
  • 盗塁刺 (also 盗塁死) — caught stealing
  • 残塁 — left on base

[edit] Pitching

Some pitching statistics are the same as batting statistics (e.g. 四球), except of course from the point of view of the pitcher. (TODO — Finish these.)

  • 試合(登板)
  • 投球回
  • 完投
  • 試合当初(当初)
  • 交代完了(完了)
  • 補回試合(補回)
  • 無失点勝利(完封)
  • 無四球試合
  • 勝利
  • 交流戦勝利
  • 敗戦
  • 引分
  • セーブ
  • ホールド
  • ホールドポイント
  • 打者(対打者)
  • 打数(対打数)
  • 安打(被安打)
  • 本塁打(被本塁打)
  • 犠打(被犠打)
  • 犠飛(被犠飛)
  • 四球(与四球)
  • 故意四球(敬遠与四球)
  • 死球(与死球)
  • 三振(奪三振)
  • ボーク
  • 暴投
  • 失点
  • 自責点
  • 勝率
  • 防御率

[edit] Fielding

  • 試合(守備試合)
  • 刺殺
  • 補殺
  • 失策
  • 併殺
  • 三重殺
  • 捕逸
  • 守備機会
  • 守備率

[edit] Infractions

  • 打撃妨害
  • 走塁妨害
  • 守備妨害
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